- NHC Advisor pre-2011
- NHC pre-2011
- PHAC Pre-2011
- A Guide to Health Impact Assessment - 2nd Edition
- Advice from the Public Health Advisory Committee on the Smoke-Free Environments (Enhanced Protection) Amendment Bill
- An Idea Whose Time Has Come
- Health Is Everyone's Business: Working Together for Health and Wellbeing
- Health of People and Communities: The Effect of Environmental Factors on the Health of New Zealanders
- Healthy Places, Healthy Lives: Urban environments and wellbeing
- Improving Child Oral Health and Reducing Child Oral Health Inequalities
- Men and Health: a Literature Review
- New Zealand Evidence For Health Impacts of Transport
- PHAC Advice to the Minister of Health on the Obesity Inquiry
- Re-thinking urban environments and health
- Review on Healthy Urban Planning
- The Best Start in Life: Achieving effective action on child health and wellbeing
- The Health of People and Communities - A Way Forward: Public Policy and the Economic Determinants of Health
- Urban planners' knowledge of health and wellbeing issues: A survey of urban planners for the Public Health Advisory Committee
A Guide to Health Impact Assessment - 2nd Edition
A Guide to Health Impact Assessment: A Policy Tool for New Zealand was prepared by the Public Health Advisory Committee (PHAC) to introduce health impact assessment (HIA) as a practical way to ensure that health and wellbeing are considered when policy is being developed in all sectors.
HIA is defined as a formal way to predict the potential effects of policies on health, wellbeing and equity. It is used to help facilitate better policy-making based on evidence, focused on outcomes and encouraging collaboration between sectors and stakeholders. The publication defines “health” using the “Whare Tapa Wha” model which includes physical, mental, spiritual and family/community aspects of health and wellbeing.
HIA is based on the recognition that the health status of people and communities is greatly influenced by factors lying outside the health sector, for example in areas such as housing or transport. For instance, it is noted that if HIA had been applied to the introduction of market rates to state housing rentals in the 1990s, it may have highlighted implications for health resulting from overcrowding, strongly associated with infectious diseases such as meningococcal disease.
However, HIA does not aim to make health and wellbeing paramount considerations over economic or environmental concerns. Rather, it enriches the policy-making process, providing a broader base of information to make trade-offs between objectives where necessary, and makes explicit the health implications of those trade-offs.
A Guide to Health Impact Assessment sets out four stages and two appraisal tools for HIA. Guidance is provided on how to apply the tools. The PHAC intends the publication to be used by policy-makers in central and local governments and encourages users to adapt and refine the tools as they apply them, and to give feedback so it can be enhanced over time.
The four key stages of Health Impact Assessment are identified: (a) screening – the initial selection process to assess a policy’s suitability for HIA; (b) scoping – highlighting the key issues needing to be considered to define and shape the HIA; (c) appraisal and reporting – identifying the relevant determinants of health and using specific tools to identify potential health impacts then assessing the significance of these impacts and drawing out practical changes to the policy; (d) evaluation – assessing how the process was undertaken and the extent to which the recommendations were taken up by the policy-makers.
In addition, the publication is also a practical guide in exactly what HIA is, why it should be carried out and who should carry it out.
Date of publication19 June 2005ISBN:0-478-25342-7 (document), 0-478-25341-9 (web)HP Number:3806Ordering Information:Only soft copy available to download